What is a dental implant?
A dental implant is like a titanium screw (like a tooth root) that is surgically positioned into the jawbone beneath the gum and allows the dentist to insert the missing teeth into that area.
History of dental implant
The history of dental implants dates back to the ancient Egyptian civilization when carved seashells and stones were placed in the human jaw bone to replace missing teeth. But major breakthrough in dental implantology occurred in 1957 when a Swedish Orthopedic surgeon Dr.Per Ingvar Branemark discovered that bone could grow in proximity with titanium and that it could be adhered to metal effectively without being rejected. This phenomenon is called “Osseointegration” and is now the foundation stone of Dental Implantology.
Why is it important to replace missing teeth?
Tooth loss can occur due to various reasons like trauma, gum disease, failed root canal treatment, grossly decayed teeth or congenitally missing teeth but replacing the missing teeth is of utmost importance.
- By far, the most obvious consequence of missing teeth is the unaesthetic appearance. After all, the way you look has a direct influence on how you feel. Therefore, missing a tooth, particularly in a fairly visible spot, will inevitably have a negative psychological and social impact.
- Without teeth support, your gums and jaw bone begin to deteriorate as there is nothing to stimulate them. Bone loss-sagging of facial muscles might occur, and make one look older than usual.
- Moreover, the movement of adjacent and opposing natural teeth may occur because of the gap produced by missing tooth.
As a result, the function, aesthetics, and health in the missing area will be affected. The more teeth you miss, the more severe the potential risks you will be exposing yourself to. In fact, extreme bone loss can lead to jaw fractures, as the bone volume depletes more and more.
Advantages of replacing missing teeth:
- A dental implant at an affordable cost can do wonders to self-esteem because it feels and looks like a normal tooth.
- Beyond aesthetics, a dental implant also makes it easier to eat and speak.
- A fixed replacement option without disturbing adjacent sound teeth
- The only fixed option for patients with no teeth at all.
- The most important advantage of an implant is the preservation of jaw bone.It is a big lifestyle change especially for patients with all teeth missing as they no longer have to put up with loose ill-fitting dentures and suffer from digestive problems or social embarrassment.
With 95% of success rate, dental implants have been providing unparallel levels of convenience, effectiveness and affordability to patients.